Swine Flu is caused by H1N1 Virus. H1N1 virus is highly contagious, allowing it to spread quickly from person to person.
Symptoms of Swine Flu
3. Cough and Cold
4. Sore throat
5. Body aches
Precautions for prevention of Swine Flu
The following precautions help in prevention of Swine Flu:-
1. Washing hands frequently with soap and water or use of hand sanitizer.
2. Avoid touching your nose, mouth, or eyes because the virus can survive on telephones, tab, laptops, door knobs etc.
3. In case you have cough, cold, fever please stay at home and take rest. Consult your doctor and do not attend the school, as it may spread the infection.
4. Use handkerchief while coughing or sneezing.
5. Avoid large gatherings when swine flu is in season.
6. Vaccination for Swine Flu is available, kindly consult your doctor for the same.
Health tips for Monsoons | Rainy Season
- Since water borne diseases are quite common during the monsoon season, try not to drink water that is not purified. It is better to have R-O filtered water or boiled water or UV filtered water. Drink lots of water. It flushes out the toxins.
- Eat home cooked food. Avoid food from outside.
- Eat well-cooked food: it may be worthwhile to avoid raw foods and salads, unless they have been washed in clean running water.
- Increase your intake of vitamin C with foods like oranges, lemon juice, papaya etc.
- Keep items like Umbrella, rain coat, etc. with yourself when you are going out.
- Where likely, try to avoid walking through rainy water. It can lead to numerous fungal diseases of the feet and heels. Dry your feet when they get wet. After you reach home, wash your feet with clean water and dry them.
- Practice good hand hygiene, remembering to clean hands thoroughly with soap or hand sanitizers before preparing and eating food.
- Keep your home and surroundings clean and ensure there is no stagnant water around. Add a few drops of kerosene oil to stagnant water in the places such as the room cooler to ensure mosquitoes don’t breed.
- Use a powerful insect repellent to keep mosquitoes away and prevent getting bitten.
- Avoid taking very cold drinks/cold water.
- Don’t go into air conditioned rooms with wet hair and damp apparels.
- Take moderately hot food and drinks in this monsoon.
- Do not play in the rain and in rainy water.
- Also avoid walking where water is lying on the street, as traffic will propel by and spray it all over you.
Conjunctivitis also known as Flu or Pink eye/Red eye is a very common problem. Inflammation that results from it causes swelling of small blood vessels, which, in turn, gives a pink or red cast to the white portion of the eyes.
Causes of Eye Flu:
- Direct contact with an infected person.
- Unhygienic surroundings
- Irritating substance or material in the eyes.
- Environmental factors, such as smoke, dust, or pain
- Chemical splash in the eye
- Eyes turn reddish.
- Itching in the eyes.
- Watery secretion from eyes.
- Pus formation in the eyes.
- Redness in the white of the eye or inner eyelid.
- Increased amount of tears.
- Thick yellow discharge from the eyes, which crusts over the eyelashes, especially after sleep.
- Green or white discharge from eyes.
- Burning eyes.
- Blurred vision.
- Inflamed eyes.
- Increased sensitivity to light.
Conjunctivitis is generally not a serious problem. But it is important to consult your Doctor. Also, like cold, viral conjunctivitis is very contagious.
- Sharing makeup, towels, or anything else that touches the eye may spread the infection.
- Washing hands frequently and avoiding rubbing of eye can help decrease the risk of spreading the infection to others.
- Steroid eye-drops should NOT to be used in bacterial or viral conjunctivitis.
- Maintain good hygiene.
What is Dengue Fever?
Dengue fever, also known as breakbone fever, is an acute communicable disease caused by virus transmitted by the Aedes mosquito
Dengue fever Dengue causes flu-like symptoms and lasts for 2-7 days. Dengue fever usually occurs after an incubation period of 4-10 days after the bite of the infected mosquito.
High Fever (40°C/ 104°F) is usually accompanied by at least two of the following Symptoms:
- Pain behind eyes
- Nausea, vomiting
- Swollen glands
- Joint, bone or muscle pains
Where do the mosquitoes breed?
The mosquitoes thrive in areas close to human population (urban areas).The dengue mosquito lays its eggs in water-filled containers inside the house and surrounding areas of dwellings (this includes non-used bottles, containers, discarded waste, tyres, etc… which hold water).The eggs hatch when in contact with water. Eggs can withstand very dry conditions and survive for months. Female mosquitoes lay dozens of eggs up to 5 times during their lifetime. Adult mosquitoes “usually” rest indoors in dark areas (closets, under beds, behind curtains). Here it is protected from wind, rain and most predators, which increases its life expectancy and the probability that it will live long enough to pick up a virus from one person and pass it on to the next.
What can be done to reduce the risk of acquiring dengue?
The best preventive measure for areas infested with Aedes mosquito is to eliminate the mosquitoes’ egg laying sites – called source reduction. Lowering the number of eggs, larvae and pupae will reduce the number of emerging adult mosquitoes and the transmission of the disease. Examples of the following habitats are listed:
- Ant traps
- Flower vases andsaucers
- Water storage tank (domestic drinking water, bathroom, etc…)
- Plastic containers
- Discarded bottles and tins
- Discarded tyres
- Artificial containers
- Tree holes, potholes, construction sites
- Drums for collecting rainwater
- Shells, husks, pods from trees
- Leaf axils of various plants
- Boats, equipment
Items that collect rainwater or are used to store water should be covered or properly discarded. The remaining essential containers should be emptied and cleaned and scrubbed (to remove eggs) at least once a week. This will avoid the adult mosquitoes to emerge from the egg/ larva/ pupa stage.
In fact, the community participation is the key to dengue prevention. As every household aims to reduce vector density, the transmission rate will decrease or maybe even stop.
Dengue Prevention Mosquito Control-
- Environment should be cleaned up & get rid of water holding containers such as discarded tins,
empty pots, broken bottles, coconut shells, coolers etc.
- Application of oil to water is the oldest known mosquito control measure. Oils mostly used are diesel oil, kerosene etc.
- Space sprays.
Protection against bites-
- Mosquito nets-offers protection during sleep; white, rectangular nets are the best.
- Repellents on skin – neem oil, other creams available in the market.
- Screening of buildings with gauze (jaali).
- Wear proper clothing (full sleeves shirts & full pants).
With Best Wishes Health & Wellness Team
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